Conference Theme: Cells to Society: Prevention at All
This theme builds on the work of the
SPR Mapping Advances in Prevention Science (MAPS) I,
Type 1 Translation Research workgroup emphasizing a
recent shift in prevention science to include the assessment
of biomarkers for problem behaviors that have implications
for prevention. These biomarkers can be identified using
a wide variety of tools such as assessment of hormones,
brain imaging studies and consideration of neurogenetic
traits. Incorporating advances in neuroscience into
prevention research helps to facilitate the early identification
of markers, both biological and behavioral, that can
then be targets of behavioral interventions. Plenary
sessions and symposia will be designed to promote the
conference theme, including presenters from each phase
of intervention planning, from the biologic laboratory
to intervention to a public health approach. Abstract
submissions will largely reflect the same type of integration
of basic laboratory research and intervention development.
Subthemes. There are a number of “subthemes”
that together build the larger special conference theme
of cells to society.
and Practice: Implications of Biomarkers on
Prevention Science. Rapid advances in our understanding
of how genetic and neurocognitive factors influence
risk present an important public health challenge. With
the increasing availability of testing to consumers,
it is not a question of whether, but how and how effectively
genetic and neurobiological information on risk of disease
will become part of public health policy. A challenge
for investigators is to act as responsible interpreters
of the science in the process of translating knowledge
Context, Cells and Prevention. Research examining
biomarkers often neglects the study of culture and contextual
factors. Similarly, work focused on culture and contextual
factors often does not consider biomarkers. Prevention
research has demonstrated the importance of culture
and context in the risk of disease, thus research considering
culture, context and biomarkers is critical.
to Society: Change and Stability Across the Lifespan.
In order to maximize efficacy prevention research
must consider variability in developmental change across
the lifespan. The literature has further established
that physiological functioning (and therefore the biomarker
indices) varies by developmental stage. Integrating
our understanding of how physiological processes and
biomarkers change across the lifespan with approaches
generated by the prevention sciences represents an important
strategy for increasing our likelihood of success in
improving and preventing disease and dysfunction.
General Conference Themes: Advances across the
Stages of the Prevention Research Cycle
Epidemiology. Basic behavioral science
and epidemiology remain the basis of strong intervention
and prevention programs. Submissions focused on describing
risk factors within specific populations, especially
those with a developmental and/or lifespan approach
would be consistent with this theme.
Etiology. Etiological and basic science
research efforts generate knowledge that contributes
to the development of future preventive efforts. Submissions
examining biological and psychosocial factors in the
development of risk, problems and healthy development
could be submitted under this theme.
Efficacy Trials. Efficacy trials demonstrate
the “proof of concept” with a specified
population under conditions of high quality assurance
and strong research designs (typically randomized controlled
designs). Submissions reporting findings from efficacy
trials are welcome and those that combine efficacy trial
research with one of the special conference theme are
Effectiveness Trials. Effectiveness
trials involve replicating an efficacious intervention
under real world conditions in community settings.
Implementation Science. Dissemination,
implementation, and operations research can help to
bridge the gap between clinical research and everyday
practice through a dynamic, transactional process between
the public health community and researchers. Studies
should advance the scientific understanding of dissemination
strategies, adoption of interventions, intervention
fidelity and adaptation, effectiveness, and sustainability
of interventions – and outcomes are encouraged
at the individual, provider, organizational, and system
level. Operations research can inform how best to effectively
and cost-effectively overcome the real-world challenges
Innovative Methods and Statistics.
“Cutting edge” studies and methodological
analyses that address measurement, statistical and design
challenges to prevention science, as well as the benefits
offered by various innovative statistical methods are
invited. Submissions describing strategies that have
been designed or used to help overcome some of these
unique challenges to prevention science are especially
encouraged (i.e., advances in methods and statistics
for neuroimaging and genetics).
In addition to the themes described
above, there are two special themes for the 2010 conference.
These themes, although distinct from the special and
general conference themes described above, may include
research that may also fit into one of the other conference
System Science Perspectives. Exploring
the use of systems science approaches (e.g., computational
modeling and simulation, network analysis, engineering
control methods) to conceptualize prevention at the
micro- or macro-levels of analyses. System science involves
taking into account the big picture in all its complexity
(i.e., a system view) while also taking into account
the important relationships between components of a
system and changes in the system over time. This topic
is of particular relevance for prevention science because
translational efforts in prevention are squarely aimed
at maximizing the population impacts of prevention intervention-related
scientific discoveries while also incorporating knowledge
from the basic neurobiological sciences for the possibility
of designing more finely targeted interventions.
International Prevention Research.
We are actively engaged in promoting and encouraging
international collaboration in prevention research.
We encourage submissions that highlight prevention strategies
employed in multiple countries as well as from international
NIDA International SPR Poster Session.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse is sponsoring an
international poster session. Posters will highlight
prevention and prevention-related research completed
in international settings by international, domestic
and cross-nation teams of researchers. A separate call
for submissions to this international poster session
will be issued.